Scientific Grounds for the Application of Mechanochemistry to Catalyst Preparation
Kinetics and Catalysis
, E-ISSN: 1608-3210
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Russian Foundation for Basic Research
It is shown that mechanochemical activation is efficient in creating waste-free energy-saving methods for the preparation of hydride catalysts, heteropoly acid catalysts, and catalysts for hydrocarbon decomposition into hydrogen and carbon materials, as well for the syntheses of earlier unknown catalytic systems. The capabilities of the mechanochemical methods are demonstrated on modifying the catalytic properties of catalysts and supports: an increase in the strength and catalytic activity, sorption properties, etc. Adhesion theory applied to melts helps to describe the mechanism of mechanochemical synthesis of catalytic systems.