Oxidation of Cycloalkenes and Methylenecycloalkanes by Palladium (II) Complexes: Part I. NMR Study on the Mechanism of the Formation of Ring-Contracted and Ring-Opened Products in the Oxidation of 1-Methylcyclobutene
Journal of Molecular Catalysis (Continued after 1994 as Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical and Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic)
||cycloalkene oxidation, methylcyclobutene, methylenecycloalkanes, oxidation, palladium
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis
Oxidation of 1-methylcyclobutene (1) by PdCl2L2 and PdCl(NO2)L2 (LCD3CN) in methylene chloride was studied with 1H and 13C NMR. Reaction of 1 with PdCl2L2 leads to the formation of the stable ring-opened 1-3-η3-π-allyl palladium complex (2). With the addition of an equimolar quantity of PdCl(NO2)L2 to the solution of complex 2, the allylic oxidation of 2 proceeds slowly via the intermediate formation of another 1-3-η3-π-allyl palladium complex (3). When reacting directly with PdCl(NO2)L2, 1 undergoes palladium (II)-catalyzed ring contraction to give cyclopropyl methyl ketone. Kinetic and spectral data indicate the formation of an organometallic intermediate, a product of the β-nitritopalladation of the parent olefin 1.