Plausible Prebiotic Synthesis of Aldopentoses from Simple Substrates, Glycolaldehyde and Formaldehyde
, E-ISSN: 1555-6174
||aldopentoses, borates, formaldehyde, minerals, prebiotic synthesis
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS
Novosibirsk State Technical University
Novosibirsk State University
Possible ways of abiotic catalytic synthesis of biologically significant aldopentoses (ribose, xylose, arabinose, lyxose) from elementary substrates, i.e., formaldehyde (FA) and glycolaldehyde (GA) in aqueous solutions are discussed. Conditions in which the process of synthesis of pentoses yields up to 65% relative to the initial concentration of GA: homogeneous borate catalyst NaOH + H3BO3, pH 9, [GA]0 5 mM, [FA]0 50–100 mM have been found.