Dissolution of Oxygen in Polycrystalline Palladium at = 100 Pa and Temperatures of 500 to 950 K
Kinetics and Catalysis
, E-ISSN: 1608-3210
||oxygen, oxygen diffusion and dissolution, polycrystalline palladium, surface oxide film
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations
The dissolution of oxygen in polycrystalline palladium Pd(poly) at an O2 pressure of 100 Pa and temperatures of 500–950 K has been investigated by temperature-programmed desorption. At 500 K, the process yields a surface palladium film that includes an oxide-like reconstructed structure on a rarefied metal surface layer. At this temperature, palladium sorbs ~2 monolayers (ML) of oxygen. At 600–800 K, palladium dissolves up to ~140 ML of oxygen as a result of O2 chemisorption on the surface of the oxide film, penetration of Oads atoms under the oxide film, and their diffusion into the metal bulk. The dependence of the amount of oxygen sorbed by Pd(poly) (n) on the time of exposure to an O2 atmosphere is described by a nearparabolic function, n = atb, indicating that oxygen atoms diffuse in the metal lattice. The activation energy of this diffusion, Еdif, is ~83.5 kJ/mol. At high temperatures (800–950 K), palladium sorbs much less oxygen (≤10 ML). This is due to the complete decomposition of the surface oxide film, a process that markedly hampers the insertion of Oads atoms under the surface layer of the metal.