Mechanochemical Activation as a Tool of Increasing Catalytic Activity
, E-ISSN: 1873-4308
||Catalysis, Catalyst, Catalytic activity, Mechanochemical activation, Selectivity
Buyanov Roman A.
Molchanov Victor V.
Boldyrev Vladimir V.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospekt Akademika Lavrentieva 5, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
The role of structure–energy properties of mechanically induced defects in the crystal structure of heterogeneous catalysts is considered. The main concepts of the mechanochemical activation effect on the activity and selectivity of catalysts are discussed. The wasteless and energy-saving methods of preparation of some catalysts are presented. Rigorous experimental proofs of the influence of defects in the crystal structure of catalysts on their specific catalytic activity are obtained. High performance of mechanochemical catalysis application for hydrogenation, oxidation, amination and hydroalumination processes is shown. For the first time catalytic reactions under the conditions of mechanochemical activation at elevated temperature and increased pressure of gases are carried out.