Platinum Electrodeposits on Glassy Carbon: The Formation Mechanism, Morphology, and Adsorption Properties
Russian Journal of Electrochemistry
, E-ISSN: 1608-3342
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Omsk Department, Institute of Catalysis
The deposition of platinum on glassy carbon (GC) is studied by chronoamperometry. Basic tendencies of the formation of aggregate platinum particles on the oxidized carbon surface are established. These include a primary instantaneous nucleation of platinum under diffusion control and the beginning of a secondary nucleation prior to filling primary active centers. The deposit morphology is examined byex situ methods of scannng electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). A globular structure of platinum, formed by crystallites 3–5 nm in size, is revealed. A comparison of the STM, SEM, and TEM data demonstrates a high information value and accuracy of STM in studies of disperse materials in both nanometer and submicron ranges. Various coulometry techniques intended for the determination of the true surface area of deposited platinum are compared. The most informative techniques are the voltammetry of desorption of copper adatoms and chemisorbed carbon monoxide at, respectively, low and high platinum contents. Differences in the formation kinetics and properties of aggregate particles in Pt/GC and Pt/Pt are found, specifically, smaller Pt/GC crystallites and higher degrees of their concrescence (screening).