Action Spectra and the Mechanism of Photoinduced Formation of Hydrogen and Oxygen on Potassium Niobates
High Energy Chemistry
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS
Powdered samples of complex oxides-potassium niobates with a layered structure were prepared via high-temperature synthesis followed by grinding. The action spectra of photoinduced processes on potassium niobates with different phase compositions in aqueous and aquo-organic systems were determined. It was shown that the evolution of oxygen was due to its photodesorption and occurred upon illumination with light at an energy near the edge of intrinsic niobate absorption. The formation of hydrogen in aqueous systems is due to the photocatalytic dehydrogenation of trace organic compounds adsorbed on potassium niobate, rather than to the photodecomposition of water. The quantum efficiency of the photocatalytic dehydrogenation increased by an order of magnitude when hydrogen-containing organic compounds were added to the reaction mixture.