Hydrogenation of Lactic Acid to Propylene Glycol over Copper-Containing Catalysts
Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis Letters
, E-ISSN: 1588-2837
||Copper, Hydrogenation, Lactic acid, Propylene glycol
Simonov Mikhail N.
Simakova Irina L.
Parmon Valentin N.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
Catalytic properties of different copper-containing catalysts synthesized from different precursors were studied in the hydrogenation of lactic acid at mild conditions. The most active catalyst was found to be chrysocolla-like copper hydroxysilicate with the copper loading of about 50 at%. At the optimal reaction conditions (T = 473 K, WHSV = 0.08 h−1), 95% conversion of lactic acid over this catalyst and 65% selectivity to 1,2-propylene glycol were achieved. The effect of the weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) on the lactic acid conversion and selectivity to propylene glycol was studied. It is found that the formation of propylene glycol and propanoic acid as a byproduct proceeds via parallel pathways.