Hydrogen Oxidation Kinetics on Model Pd/C Electrodes: Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Rotating Disk Electrode Study
, E-ISSN: 1873-3859
||Hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR); Palladium catalysts; Supported nanoparticles; Computational modeling
Pronkin Sergey N.
Ruvinskiy Pavel S.
Savinova Elena R.
Laboratory of Materials, Surfaces and Catalytic Processes, UMR 7515 of CNRS-UdS-ECPM, 25 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
Institut de Chimie de Strasbourg, UMR 7177, CNRS-Université de Strasbourg, 4 rue Blaise Pascal, 67000 Strasbourg, France
This work reports on the kinetics of the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) on model Pd nanoparticles supported on a low surface area carbon substrate. Two Pd/C samples, with the average particle size 2.6 and 4.0 nm were used. The structure of the catalysts was characterized with the ex situ (electron microscopy) and in situ (electrochemical) methods. We utilized the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and the rotating disk electrode (RDE) voltammetry to study the kinetics of the HOR on Pd/C. The relevance of these techniques for elucidating the kinetics and the mechanism of the HOR on Pd/C was explored. The experimental results suggest that the catalytic activity of Pd in the HOR is more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than that of Pt, and does not depend on the particle size in the range from 2.6 to 4.0 nm. Computational modeling of the experimental steady-state (RDE) and non-steady-state (EIS) data shows that the reaction kinetics can be adequately described within Heyrovsky–Volmer mechanism, with the rate constants υ0H = (8.8 ± 1.5) × 10−10 mol cm−2 s−1 and υ0V = (1.0 ± 0.3) × 10−8 mol cm−2 s−1. The model suggests that underpotentially deposited hydrogen HUPD is unlikely to be the active intermediate Had of the HOR. It is concluded that the surface coverage of Had deviates from that of HUPD with increasing overpotential, and the lateral interactions within Had adlayer are weak.