Low Temperature Heat Capacity of the System “Silica Gel–Calcium Chloride–Water”
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
, E-ISSN: 1572-8943
||Calcium chloride dihydrate, Low temperature heat capacity, Pore-size effect, Silica gel
Aristov Yuri I.
Kovalevskaya Yulia A.
Tokarev Michael M.
Paukov Igor E.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS
Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry SB RAS
Heat capacity was measured for two composite systems based on silica gel KSK and calcium chloride confined to its pores. One corresponds to an anhydrous state, while another contains water bound with the salt to give the composition of CaCl2·2.04H2O. The measurements were performed in the temperature range of 6–300 K with a vacuum adiabatic calorimeter. The smoothed experimental curves C p (T) were used for calculating the calorimetric entropy and the enthalpy increment for both studied systems as well as the effective heat capacity associated only with water in the hydrated composite. The heat capacities C p (298.15 K) of both composites were compared with those calculated as a linear addition of the heat capacities of silica gel and bulk calcium chloride (or its dihydrate) with appropriate weight coefficients.