How Do Intermolecular Interactions Affect Swelling of Polyketones with a Differing Number of Carbonyl Groups? An In Situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopic Study of CO2 Sorption in Polymers
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
, E-ISSN: 1932-7455
Ewing Andrew V.
Gabrienko Anton A.
Semikolenov Sergey V.
Dubkov Konstantin A.
Kazarian Sergei G.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospekt Akademika Lavrentieva 5, Novosibirsk
ATR-FTIR spectroscopy was used in situ to study nine unsaturated polyketones derived from cis-1,4-polybutadiene rubber, each containing a different concentration of carbonyl groups, under high-pressure CO2 conditions (up to 100 bar). The study was aimed to systematically determine the relationship between the concentration of carbonyl groups in the polyketones and their ability to absorb CO2 and swell. A linear relationship between increasing carbonyl concentration and the overall degree of swelling and CO2 sorption was observed for polyketones with a concentration of carbonyl groups below a specific value based on quantitative analysis from the ATR-FTIR spectra. However, polyketones, which had the highest concentration of carbonyl groups, did not follow this correlation. Instead, there was evidence of intermolecular interactions between the carbonyl groups in the polymer chains, which decreases the total CO2 sorption capacity and inhibited swelling. The effect of the different molecular weights of polymer was also studied with respect to polyketone swelling and CO2 sorption. No correlation was observed when comparing polymers with different molecular weights but contained a similar concentration of carbonyl groups. Hence, the main physical properties that affect the overall swelling and CO2 sorption into polyketone samples were quantitatively determined using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy.