Effect of the Sulfate Sulfur Content and the Preparation Procedure on the Catalytic Properties of Sulfated Zirconium Oxide
Статья (Full article),
Kinetics and Catalysis
, E-ISSN: 1608-3210
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
The effects of the composition and the procedure of preparing sulfated zirconium oxides on their catalytic properties in the reactions of 1-butene isomerization to 2-butenes and isobutanol dehydration were studied. The activity was found to depend on the nature of parent zirconium oxide, the sulfate sulfur content, and the temperature of calcination. Catalysts prepared from a crystalline oxide exhibited the highest activity. Their activity depends on the sulfate sulfur content. The calcination of catalysts at temperatures higher than 400°C resulted in a detectable loss of sulfate. The activity of sulfated oxides prepared from an amorphous oxide was noticeably lower; it depended only slightly on the temperature of calcination and sulfate sulfur content. The catalytic behavior of the sulfated oxide in both of the reactions is indicative of the absence of superstrong proton sites. Based on the results, assumptions on the nature of formed surface compounds were made.