Giant Palladium Clusters: Synthesis and Characterization
Статья (Full article),
, E-ISSN: 1364-5498
Vargaftik Michael N.
Moiseev Ilya I.
Kochubey Dmitry I.
Zamaraev Kirill I.
N. S. Kurnakov Institute of General & Inorganic Chemistry, the USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117907, USSR
Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, USSR
A series of palladium clusters containing from four to several hundred Pd atoms in the metal skeleton has been prepared and characterized with respect to structure and chemical properties, including catalytic activity. For smaller clusters good agreement was observed. between single-crystal X-ray and EXAFS structural data. Giant clusters approximating to Pd561L60(OCOCH3)180(L = phen, bipy) and Pd561phen60O60X60(X = PF6, ClO4, BF4, CF3CO2), were characterized with TEM, SAXS, EXAFS, NMR and magnetic succeptibility data. These clusters contain a closepacked metal core and ligands L and X that are located at the periphery of a cluster. They are very soluble in water and polar organic solvents and can be considered as a bridge between low molecular clusters and particles of colloidal metals. Giant Pd clusters were found to be active homogeneous catalysts for various organic reactions, e.g. oxidative acetoxylation of alkenes and alkylarenes; oxidation of alkenes, formic acid and alcohols; dehydration of alcohols and formation of acetals. The kinetics and mechanism of the homogeneous oxidation of alkenes and HCO2H in solutions of giant clusters were elucidated.