Catalytic Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate on Cores of Oil Breeds
Доклады на конференциях
We present herein the results of catalytic activity study of cores (basalts, clays, sandstones) in ammonium nitrate decomposition. The influence of the ratio of used reagents on ammonium nitrate conversion is investigated at different conditions.
It has been shown that the dependence of degree of NH4NO3 decomposition on the ratio of nitric and formic acids represents a curve with a maximum in a point corresponding to the molar ratio HNO3: HCOOH = 2.7. The found value of the maximum is the general for various ratios of nitric acid and ammonium nitrate. The catalytic activity of core oil-bearing rocks of different nature observed in the reaction of decomposition of ammonium nitrate for the first time. Activity of natural samples exceeds that of commercial Pt/Al2O3catalyst. The observed regularities are explained on the basis of the proposed mechanism of the reaction.