Surface Species of Titanium(IV) and Titanium(III) in MgCl2-Supported Ziegler-Natta Catalysts. A Periodic Density Functional Theory Study
, E-ISSN: 1520-5835
Stukalov Denis V.
Zilberberg Igor L.
Zakharov Vladimir A.
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
A systematic consideration of different Ti(IV) and Ti(III) species on the (104) and (110) MgCl2 surfaces has been implemented within DFT using cyclic boundary conditions. Some new mononuclear and dinuclear surface complexes of Ti(IV) and Ti(III) were obtained due to implication of zip coordination mode. A possible spin state of dinuclear Ti(III) species was thoroughly studied: antiferromagnetic (ESR silent) state proved to be the most preferable in a number of cases. The zip antiferromagnetic Ti2Cl6 complexes residing on the dominant (104) MgCl2 surface make it possible to rationalize the fact that the most part of Ti(III) incorporated in activated MgCl2 is ESR silent. Besides, these species produce aspecific active sites, thus explaining that aspecific centers significantly prevail over stereospecific one according to kinetic data on the simplest TiCl4/MgCl2 + AlR3 system.