Filtration of the Catalyst Suspension in Hydrogenated Oil Through the Woven Cloth: Mathematical Model of the Process Accounting for Dynamics of the Cake Growth and Filter Pore Blockage Научная публикация
Журнал 
Separation and Purification Technology
ISSN: 13835866 


Вых. Данные  Год: 2019, Том: 212, Страницы: 355367 Страниц : 13 DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.11.007  
Ключевые слова  Cake filtration Catalyst suspension Depth filtration Mathematical modeling Particle size distribution  
Авторы 


Организации 

Информация о финансировании (1)
1  Министерство науки и высшего образования Российской Федерации  ГЗ20172020 
Реферат:
Catalytic hydrogenation of the plant oils includes a filtration stage in which the solid catalyst must be separated from its suspension in the melted hydrogenation products. For effective separation of the catalyst, a proper selection of the filter cloth and filtration conditions is necessary.
The subject of this study is filtration of finely dispersed carbon material Sibunit through a porous woven filtering cloth in circulation mode. Sibunit is the carrier for Pd catalysts that are regarded as prospective for hydrogenation of vegetable oils; the carbonbased catalysts can be reused and can therefore be more economical than conventional nickel catalysts. To reliably predict the efficiency and duration of filtration of the catalyst suspended in the hydrogenated products, the mathematical model of the filtration process must adequately describe the complex physical phenomena that occur during the process.
In the article, a onedimensional mathematical model was developed, which took into account the main physical phenomena of the filtration process, such as percolation of the particles through a porous filter, accumulation of the particles along the filter pores, and a gradual cake growth. Woven fabric contains two types of pores: the pores between the threads and the pores between the fibers. Model assumes that polydisperse particles can both penetrate through the filter cloth and accumulate inside the tissue and on its outer surface. It is assumed that the hydraulic resistance of the cake increases due to the growth of its height only, and the hydraulic resistance of the filter cloth increases due to particles trapped in the pores.
Numerical analysis of the model was carried out in the range of parameters typical for industrial conditions. It has been found that the process efficiency, which was defined as the minimum time required filtering a certain amount of hydrogenated oil to the maximum degree of catalyst purification, depends mainly on the time taken to form a cake layer of sufficient height. Higher efficiency of the filtration process is favored by the higher filter porosity, the greater thread diameter, and the smaller pore size between the fibers. In contrast to the thin pores formed by the fibers, the large pores between threads allow more particles to pass through the filter; therefore, for practical use it is necessary to adjust the filter cloth porous structure with the particles size distribution.
The model was verified by comparing the predicted results with experimental data.
Библиографическая ссылка:
Vernikovskaya N.V.
, Chumachenko V.A.
, Romanenko A.V.
, Dobrynkin N.M.
Filtration of the Catalyst Suspension in Hydrogenated Oil Through the Woven Cloth: Mathematical Model of the Process Accounting for Dynamics of the Cake Growth and Filter Pore Blockage
Separation and Purification Technology. 2019. V.212. P.355367. DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.11.007 WOS Scopus РИНЦ РИНЦ
Filtration of the Catalyst Suspension in Hydrogenated Oil Through the Woven Cloth: Mathematical Model of the Process Accounting for Dynamics of the Cake Growth and Filter Pore Blockage
Separation and Purification Technology. 2019. V.212. P.355367. DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.11.007 WOS Scopus РИНЦ РИНЦ
Даты:
Поступила в редакцию:  14 июн. 2018 г. 
Принята к публикации:  2 нояб. 2018 г. 
Опубликована online:  3 нояб. 2018 г. 
Опубликована в печати:  1 апр. 2019 г. 
Идентификаторы БД:
Web of science  WOS:000457814700040 
Scopus  2s2.085056655878 
РИНЦ  38633072 , 41784181 
Chemical Abstracts  2018:2248159 
Chemical Abstracts (print)  170:105241 
OpenAlex  W2899264556 